Background & Aims



Over the last few decades, agricultural landscapes have undergone significant transformations due to the increased intensification of crop production and the reduction of semi-natural habitats. The decline in semi-natural habitats has led to a reduction in the wild bee populations, which is attributed to the reduced availability of flower resources required for larval development and foraging of pollinators.

Weeds are believed to play an essential role in supporting bee populations as they are available throughout the summer and offer a diverse diet for bees which improves their health. For instance, a diverse diet increases resilience to stress and diseases.

  • Do weeds/surrounding landscape/other pollinators affect the wild bee’s reproductive success and nesting establishment?
  • Are there differences in weeds and pollinators between organic and conventional farming systems?